Las Tunas.-Guide of the Cuban revolutionary project, José Martí Pérez is the object of study and inspiration for several generations who accredit him, 170 years after his birth, as the National Hero of the Republic of Cuba.

The boy who saw the light of day on January 28, 1853 in a humble house in Havana, very soon imbibed the independence doctrines of his teachers and felt firsthand the injustice of slavery and the shackles of the colony.

His vast political thought developed in the midst of difficult conditions. He suffered banishment and exile. Away from his homeland, from his beloved son and his family, he also had time to write with passion about love and friendship and dedicate a profound work to the formation of the girls and boys of the world.

The Apostle of Cuba gave himself body and soul to raise funds and consolidate the necessary unity to bring to a successful end his efforts to prevent in time, with the independence of Cuba, the tentacles of the United States from spreading across the lands of America.

The Delegate of the Cuban Revolutionary Party managed to commit the great heroes to resume the war with the resolution to take an active part in that conflict.

This is how he would arrive incognito in his beloved Cuba on April 11, 1895 together with Gómez through Playitas de Cajobabo. A few days later, on May 19, with the rank of Major General granted for all his merits, he died as he wanted, facing the sun and fighting for the long-awaited freedom.

One hundred years later, a group of young people led by Fidel Castro were inspired by his life and his ideas to make their dreams of the cult of the full dignity of man in a free and independent homeland come true.

Author: Tania Ramirez